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Lauren West
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My Web Markups - Lauren West
  • Keep in mind, not all ambulation requires an assistive device. Successful ambulation requires slow and steady movement with the help of a caring individual. Be aware that each new movement can cause dizziness or imbalance, so check in regularly while assisting an older adult to ambulate. Helping older adults move and walk after a procedure, Improves blood circulation Increases appetite Enables seniors to recover quicker Studies have shown that older adults who practice early ambulation after a surgical procedure are discharged 2 days earlier than those who do not!
  • As a family caregiver or professional caregiver, familiarize yourself with the walking equipment of those in your care, including wheelchairs, walkers, canes, etc. Walking equipment is there to make the ambulation process easier, but working around them can be a bit of a dance.
  • Ambulation is commonly mistaken with mobility, but their definitions are different. Mobility is movement in general, such as moving one’s limbs or experiencing a range of motion in the joints. Ambulation, on the other hand, specifically relates to walking without assistance. To ambulate with assistance means to help an individual get on their feet and start walking with the help of someone else or something.
  • Properly transferring an individual requires at least three health care providers. Transferring requires patience, strength, and comprehensive knowledge about the individual’s physical condition(s). We will not be giving directions in this blog on how to perform a transfer, but caregivers can read more about the steps of a patient transfer here.
  • In hospital settings, transfers are a more general term for relocating patients from one area or position to another. For example, moving a patient from their bed to a wheelchair and from their wheelchair to the toilet are common hospital transfers. 
  • Transfers involve moving patients horizontally from one flat location to another (i.e., from a bed to a stretcher).
  • Understanding transfers and ambulation for a variety of mobility needs is the job of a skilled caregiver. For some, ambulation is not possible and they require a transfer.
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  • strives to live a life of integrity so that there are no discrepancies between words and actions. This goes for all levels of communication, both verbal and nonverbal. Being open and honest in our most intimate relationships means really knowing ourselves and our intentions. While this can prove difficult, it is an effort worth striving for.
  • realizes the importance of honesty in a close relationship. Honesty builds trust between people.
  • finding someone with whom you can talk about an area that you feel is lacking in your relationship and who is open to evolving is more than half the battle. Conversely, being willing to accept feedback from our partners and looking for that kernel of truth in what they say allows us to develop ourselves in a similar manner.
  • When someone is free-thinking and open-minded, it enables them to be forthright in expressing feelings, thoughts, dreams and desires, which allows you to truly know them. Their openness is also an indication of their interest in personal development and often contributes to the development of the relationship.
  • open, undefended and willing to be vulnerable. No human being is perfect, so finding someone who is approachable and receptive to feedback can be a huge asset to a lasting union.
  • but to truly grow up means making an active effort to recognize and resolve negative influences from our past. An ideal partner is thus willing to reflect on his or her history and is interested in understanding how old events inform current behaviors.
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  • The peace lily is so low-maintenance that it is a great houseplant for the houseplant challenged or as a housewarming gift. It does not require much direct light and can handle an occasional over or under-watering
  • Many succulents make easy-care houseplants, but few look as lovely as kalanchoe (kal-un-KOH-ee) in bloom. As with all succulents, kalanchoe does not like wet soil. The plant should be kept moist spring through autumn but reduce winter watering to light, occasional applications
  • Like the amaryllis, clivia goes through a dormant period before sending up a flower stalk. It will need total darkness at night when it goes dormant in late fall. Accomplish this by placing it in an unused closet or in a cardboard box. The stalk will sprout anytime from December through April, and then, normal care can be resumed.
  • Christmas cactus seems to thrive on neglect. It does not even need you to manipulate its light exposure to set buds for Christmas blooms. It is especially long-lived and propagates easily from cuttings.
  • The chenille plant is a fast grower and a long bloomer. Chenille plant can be grown outdoors during the summer and brought indoors when the temperatures cool in fall
  • Bromeliads do well in bright light situations. They do not require a lot of water, but when they are watered well, let the water catch between the leaves, where it will be absorbed slowly.
  • If you are used to growing begonias outdoors, then you know that many varieties make excellent houseplants, blooming almost continuously in good conditions. To bloom well it will need a bright location, but do not place it too close to a window or it could be harmed by the draft.
  • African violets are a popular houseplant for good reason. They are favorites because they do not require a dormant rest period, which allows them to bloom year-round.
  • Many flowering house plants must be kept humid; this can be accomplished by regular misting or by placing each plant on a bed of gravel and pouring water over the gravel.
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  • Application of this technique was found in multiple sclerosis [Costantino et al. 2012] and in cerebral palsy [Camerota et al. 2013] with encouraging results on gait pattern and upper limb functionality;
  • hypothesized that the application of NMT is able to stimulate cutaneous mechanoceptors. These receptors activate nerve impulses when mechanical loads (touch, pressure, vibration, stretch and itch) create deformation. Their activation by an adequate stimulus causes local depolarization, which triggers nerve impulses along the afferent fibres travelling toward the central nervous system. The NMT technique is applied by a physiotherapist trained in eccentric taping applications.
  • Unlike other forms of taping, NMT provides passive stretching through the application, with eccentric techniques, of a tape encouraging flexibility and coordination and bettering range of movement in patients suffering with lack of muscle coordination due to different clinical conditions. It has been claimed that the effects may be due to modification of sensorimotor and proprioceptive feedback mechanisms.
  • proprioceptive neuromuscular taping (NMT) technique
  • Lack of proprioception seems a prominent feature in JHS
  • Proprioception refers to the sense of both static position and movement of the limbs and the body without using vision. It comprises the sense of stationary position of the limbs (limb-position sense) and the sense of limb movement (kinaesthesia). These sensations are important for controlling limb movements, manipulating objects that differ in shape and mass, and maintaining an upright posture
  • Major features include joint hypermobility, joint complications and minor skin features (e.g. skin hyperextensibility), while the presence of additional cutaneous, vascular, skeletal and ocular symptoms moves the diagnosis towards other EDS variants. Although laxity of tendons and ligaments is considered the major determinant for musculoskeletal complaints in JHS/EDS-HT, the muscle itself seems to be frequently affected in terms of hypotonia, muscle cramps and pain, fibromyalgia, and chronic fatigue
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  • The approved dose range of levetiracetam is between 1,000 and 3,000 mg daily. The medicine is usually started at lower doses and increased over a couple weeks. 
  • This medicine is usually given in two doses about 12 hours apart. 
  • The dose of levetiracetam used in children is based on their weight and age
  • Severe skin reactions: Rare but serious skin reactions, such as Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), have been reported with levetiracetam. These conditions may start with a fever and flu-like symptoms. Then a rash develops. Ulcers or lesions of the mucous membranes may be seen and develop into painful blisters. 
  • At least one study found that levetiracetam may be helpful when used alone in people with focal (partial) seizures
  • Brain cells normally talk to each other using electrical signals and chemicals. Seizures can happen when the brain cells are not working or firing normally or working faster than normal. Most seizure medicines slow down these electrical discharges to stop seizures.  Levetiracetam works differently from most seizure medicines. It joins with a protein (called SV2A) that is involved with the release of certain chemicals called neurotransmitters in the brain. The exact way that these actions lead to decreased seizures is not fully known. 
  • Stopping a seizure medicine suddenly can cause seizures that will not stop (status epilepticus).
  • Used to treat Juvenile Myoclonic EpilepsyTemporal Lobe EpilepsyFocal Impaired Awareness or Complex Partial SeizuresMyoclonic SeizuresSecondarily Generalized Seizures or Bilateral Tonic Clonic SeizureFocal Aware or Simple Partial SeizureTonic-clonic Seizures
  • 100 mg/mL (clear, colorless, grape-flavored) The liquid Keppra solution was approved by the FDA in 2003.
  • Levetiracetam is approved for use: As add-on therapy (with other seizure medicines) for children 1 month of age and older and adults with focal (partial) seizures.  As add-on therapy for children 12 years and older and adults for treatment of myoclonic seizures from juvenile myoclonic epilepsy. As add-on therapy for children 6 years and older and adults with generalized onset tonic-clonic seizures from idiopathic primary generalized epilepsy. 
  • Levetiracetam (lev-eh-teer-ASS-eh-tam) is the generic name (non-brand name) for the drug called Keppra (KEP-ruh).
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  • Folliculitis may also be caused by viruses, fungi and even an inflammation from ingrown hairs.
  • Folliculitis is most often caused by an infection of hair follicles with Staphylococcus aureus (staph) bacteria.
  • Gram-negative folliculitis. This type sometimes develops if you're receiving long-term antibiotic therapy for acne.
  • Razor bumps (pseudofolliculitis barbae). This is a skin irritation caused by ingrown hairs. It mainly affects men with curly hair who shave too close and is most noticeable on the face and neck. People who get bikini waxes may develop barber's itch in the groin area. This condition may leave dark raised scars (keloids).
  • Symptoms Hot tub folliculitis Open pop-up dialog box Close Hot tub folliculitis Hot tub folliculitis Hot tub folliculitis causes red, round, itchy bumps that may later develop into small pus-filled blisters. The rash is likely to be worse in areas where your swimsuit holds contaminated water against your skin. Pseudofolliculitis barbae Open pop-up dialog box Close Pseudofolliculitis barbae Pseudofolliculitis barbae Razor bumps (pseudofolliculitis barbae) affects men with curly beards. It develops when shaved hairs curve back into the skin, leading to inflammation. Carbuncle Open pop-up dialog box Close Carbuncle Carbuncle A carbuncle is a cluster of boils — painful, pus-filled bumps — that form a connected area of infection under the skin. Folliculitis signs and symptoms include: Clusters of small red bumps or white-headed pimples that develop around hair follicles Pus-filled blisters that break open and crust over Itchy, burning skin Painful, tender skin A large swollen bump or mass
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  • The Side Bow Tie   This, like the Waterfall Tie, is a very easy way to make your handbag more lively in seconds. This method of tying your scarf is such a pretty and feminine way of adding colour and pattern to a once bland bag. Once you perfect the Side Bow Tie you may find yourself tying scarf bows to almost everything else you own! It is so fun and and can also look very elegant and modern at the same time with the right scarf and bag of course. You can experiment with different bows also, follow the steps below to achieve the side bow tie:   Fold your scarf in half to form a triangle. Begin to fold the 90 degree point of the triangle down toward the flat side in sections of around 5-10 cm. Figure out what side on your bag handle you want the scarf to be placed. Fold the scarf once around your handle (short or long handle) and tie once and tie once. Once you have it secured, start to tie your bow (If you can double knot so that your scarf is secure). Adjust or fluff up the bows and you are done!
  • The Twist Handle Tie   Ever wanted to know how to tie a scarf on a bag handle? The Twist Handle Tie is great for those of you who have a bag with a short handle. You can use more than one scarf for this method also! It all depends on what look you envision for your handbag. We love this look for small clutch size bags with a fabric or chain handle about 20 cm long. This way you can get one medium size square scarf to fit. You can add a colourful scarf to a plain bag or a plain scarf to a colourful bag, there are so many options. We see a lot of people using this tying style on their designer handbags with a patterned vintage look scarf and it looks fabulous. Make sure you show us pics of how you style yours, we would love to see! Follow the steps below on how to tie a scarf on a tote to achieve the Twist Handle Tie:   Fold your scarf in half to form a triangle.  Begin to fold the 90 degree point of the triangle down toward the flat side in sections as small as possible (around 3-5 cm). Without unraveling your folded scarf, start at one end of your bag handle and double knot your scarf end leaving a small piece to hang loose. Begin to wrap your scarf around and around your handle completely covering your strap so it is no longer visible. Once you are at the end, double knot to secure your design in place. You can tweak your twist to perfect it!
  • The Waterfall Tie   This method is definitely the easiest of all five on how to accessorize a bag with a scarf. This is perfect if you love to change up your scarf often as it is nice and quick and can be removed with haste if you need to quickly switch that bright scarf out for a monochrome one! We see a lot of you babes rocking our Wild Heart Scarf this way and we are obsessed. As there can actually be a few ways of tying it like this, here is a simple version. See steps below on how to tie your scarf to your handbag:   Fold your scarf in half to form a triangle. Begin to fold the 90 degree point of the triangle down toward the flat side in sections of around 5-10cm. Figure out where on your bag handle you want the scarf to be placed. Fold the scarf once around your handle (short or long handle) and double knot so that your scarf does not come loose and fly away off your bag. Adjust or fluff up and you are complete.
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  • Outpatient medications may include phenytoin, valproic acid, gabapentin, levetiracetam, carbamazepine, phenobarbital, or other medications.
  • Propofol appears to be very effective at terminating seizures, but only limited data are available. Propofol is administered in a bolus at 2-5 mg/kg, followed by continuous infusion of 20-100 µg/kg/min. It is limited by the syndrome of hypotension, metabolic acidosis, and hyperlipidemia seen with prolonged infusions.
  • Valproic acid is effective in treating all forms of seizure. The recommended dose acid is 15-20 mg/kg. Valproic acid has an excellent safety profile. [33] It is contraindicated in hepatic dysfunction because of the extremely rare occurrence of fatal idiosyncratic hepatotoxicity
  • Newer antiepileptic drugs, such as lamotrigine and levetiracetam, have varying drug profiles and are still being studied. Doses of these medications should be given in consultation with a neurologist.
  • Carbamazepine has proven to be effective for oral loading, but it is associated with a high rate of adverse effects. Therefore, oral loading is not recommended at this time.
  • Both valproic acid and phenobarbital can also be given parenterally as a 20 mg/kg loading dose.
  • Anesthetics stabilize the neuronal membrane so the neuron is less permeable to ions. This prevents the initiation and transmission of nerve impulses, thereby producing the local anesthetic effects. In SE, lidocaine is indicated during refractory status only and is supported only by anecdotal reports. The consensus seems to be moving toward propofol or midazolam infusions for refractory SE.
  • The list of third-line drugs includes barbiturates, propofol, valproate, levetiracetam, and lidocaine. A general principle is to maximize benzodiazepine and phenytoin dosages before adding an additional agent.
  • Failure to respond to optimal benzodiazepine and phenytoin loading operationally defines refractory SE.
  • Phenytoin or fosphenytoin (Cerebyx) is the next drug to be administered when a second drug is needed.
  • One new technology being investigated is a benzodiazepine intramuscular pen that can be used in the prehospital setting (including at home).
  • Caregiver’s satisfaction was higher with the inhaled midazolam (easier to administer) and the median time from medication administration to seizure cessation was 1.3 minutes less for inhaled midazolam compared with rectal diazepam.
  • No difference in efficacy was observed between caregiver-administered intranasal midazolam and rectal diazepam for terminating sustained seizures (ie, >5 minutes) in children at home
  • Current consensus is that benzodiazepines are the preferred drug class for the initial treatment of SE. Lorazepam, when available, is thought to be the most effective of the benzodiazepines and has a longer seizure half-life than diazepam.
  • Sometimes, the most difficult part of the ED evaluation is determining whether the patient has had a seizure. Clues to the diagnosis include a clear history of tonic-clonic movements, urinary or bowel incontinence, postepisode confusion, and tongue biting. However, one study showed that myoclonic jerking was found in 90% of individuals in which syncope was induced.
  • Emergency medical service (EMS) protocols should include benzodiazepines (IV, intramuscular [IM], or rectal) for prolonged seizures or SE.
  • The ABCs (A irway, B reathing, C irculation) should be evaluated as necessary, including oxygenation and airway assessment, temperature assessment, blood glucose assessment, and spinal precautions.
  • Although medication noncompliance and subtherapeutic medication levels are among the most common causes of seizure presentations to the ED, patients should also be screened for underlying infectious or metabolic causes of seizure when indicated. In patients with therapeutic medication levels, fever, AMS, or other indication, laboratory and imaging studies should be considered, though breakthrough seizures often occur even in compliant patients with therapeutic drug levels.
  • The third is failure to consider the underlying etiology.
  • Neurologic dysfunction is theorized to occur after 20 minutes of continuous seizure activity, even despite adequate oxygenation and ventilation. Therefore, there should be a low threshold for aggressive treatment of any seizure activity that lasts over 5 minutes.
  • The second is failure to control seizure activity aggressively.
  • Electroencephalography (EEG) is the diagnostic modality of choice for identifying these patients.
  • Nonconvulsive seizure is a rare presentation of altered mental status (AMS) but should always be on the differential of the comatose patient.
  • The first is failure to recognize seizure activity.
  • In caring for the seizure patient in the emergency department (ED), 3 basic pitfalls must be avoided.
  • The argument follows that earlier treatment is more effective than later treatment in halting status epilepticus (SE).
  • "Seizures beget seizures" is a generally accepted clinical axiom.
  • Electrocardiography (ECG) should be considered in certain patients. Seizure activity can be precipitated by cerebral hypoperfusion from an arrhythmia. ECG may identify the following: Prolonged QTc Widened QRS Prominent R in aVR Heart block
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  • “If I want His promises, I have to trust His process. I have to trust that first comes the dust, and then comes the making of something even better with us. God isn’t ever going to forsake you, but He will go to great lengths to remake you.” ― Lysa TerKeurst, It's Not Supposed to Be This Way: Finding Unexpected Strength When Disappointments Leave You Shattered
  • “Without challenges and changes people tend to grow increasingly distant from God and resistant to His ways.” ― Lysa TerKeurst, It's Not Supposed to Be This Way: Finding Unexpected Strength When Disappointments Leave You Shattered
  • “We must let God’s Word become the words we believe and receive as truth. We must let God’s Word become the words of our story.” ― Lysa TerKeurst, It's Not Supposed to Be This Way: Finding Unexpected Strength When Disappointments Leave You Shattered
  • “I have to trust that first comes the dust, and then comes the making of something even better with us. God isn’t ever going to forsake you, but He will go to great lengths to remake you.” ― Lysa TerKeurst, It's Not Supposed to Be This Way: Finding Unexpected Strength When Disappointments Leave You Shattered
  • “If I want His promises, I have to trust His process.” ― Lysa TerKeurst, It's Not Supposed to Be This Way: Finding Unexpected Strength When Disappointments Leave You Shattered
  • “To live is to love. To love is to risk pain. To risk pain is to live. It’s what it means to truly be human. As fragile as dust. The breaking of us. The making of us. The building up of our faith.” ― Lysa TerKeurst, It's Not Supposed to Be This Way: Finding Unexpected Strength When Disappointments Leave You Shattered
  • “If our souls never ached with disappointments and disillusionments, we’d never fully admit and submit to our need for God. If we weren’t ever shattered we’d never know the glorious touch of the Potter making something glorious out of dust, out of us.” ― Lysa TerKeurst, It's Not Supposed to Be This Way: Finding Unexpected Strength When Disappointments Leave You Shattered
  • “Trust. Trading our will for “Thy will,” because we know He will.” ― Lysa TerKeurst, It's Not Supposed to Be This Way: Finding Unexpected Strength When Disappointments Leave You Shattered
  • “God isn’t ever going to forsake you, but He will go to great lengths to remake you.” ― Lysa TerKeurst, It's Not Supposed to Be This Way: Finding Unexpected Strength When Disappointments Leave You Shattered
  • “We don’t think about fixing things until we realize they are broken.” ― Lysa TerKeurst, It's Not Supposed to Be This Way: Finding Unexpected Strength When Disappointments Leave You Shattered
  • “The disappointment that is exhausting and frustrating you? It holds the potential for so much good. But we’ll only see it as good if we trust the heart of the Giver.” ― Lysa TerKeurst, It's Not Supposed to Be This Way: Finding Unexpected Strength When Disappointments Leave You Shattered
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  • In her book, On Repeat: How Music Plays the Mind, psychologist Elizabeth Hellmuth Margulis explains why listening to music on repeat improves focus. When you’re listening to a song on repeat, you tend to dissolve into the song, which blocks out mind wandering (let your mind wander while you’re away from work!).
  • In his TED talk, Brown said, “Play leads to brain plasticity, adaptability, and creativity… Nothing fires up the brain like play.” There is a burgeoning body of literature highlighting the extensive cognitive and social benefits of play, including:CognitiveEnhanced memory and focusImproved language learning skillsCreative problem solvingImproved mathematics skillsIncreased ability to self-regulate, an essential component of motivation and goal achievementSocialCooperationTeam workConflict resolutionLeadership skill developmentControl of impulses and aggressive behaviorHaving a balanced-life is key to peak performance. In the Tao Te Ching, it explains that being too much yin or too much yang leads to extremes and being wasteful with your resources (like time). The goal is to be in the center, balanced.
  • If you don’t detach, you’ll never fully be present or engaged at work or at home. You’ll be under constant strain, even if minimally. Your sleep will suffer. Your relationships will be shallow. Your life will not be happy.Not only that, but lots of science has found play to be extremely important for productivity and creativity. Just like your body needs a reset, which you can get through fasting, you also need to reset from work in order to do your best work. Thus, you need to step away from work and dive into other beautiful areas of your life.
  • This is the butterfly effect in action and the basis of the book, The Power of Habit, which shows that by integrating one “keystone habit,” like exercise or reading, that the positivity of that one habits ripples into all other areas of your life, eventually transforming your whole life.
  • A common strategy for this is known as the “90–90–1” rule, where you spend the first 90 minutes of your workday on your #1 priority. I’m certain this isn’t checking your email or social media.
  • Journaling about your dreams is one of the fastest ways into a peak state.So I write down my big picture goals and my objectives for that particular day. I then write down anything that comes to my mind. Often, it relates to people I need to contact, or ideas related to a project I’m working on. I purposefully keep this journal session short and focused.
  • I get to the library and all set-up by around 6:30AM. I spend a few minutes in prayer and meditation, followed by a 5–10 minute session in my journal. The purpose of this journal session is get clarity and focus for my day.
  • For best results: Spend 20% of your energy on your work and 80% of your energy on recovery and self-improvement.
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  • “REMEMBER: •​Sometimes to get your life back, you have to face the death of what you thought your life would look like. •​Disappointment is that feeling things should be better than they are. •​Disappointment isn’t proof that God is withholding good things from us. Sometimes it’s His way of leading us Home. •​If the enemy can isolate us, he can influence us. •​We will never appreciate or even desire the hope of our True Love if lesser loves don’t disappoint.” ― Lysa TerKeurst, It's Not Supposed to Be This Way: Finding Unexpected Strength When Disappointments Leave You Shattered
  • “The promise is a glorious hope to hang on to for the future. But it’s His presence in the process that will steady our hope for today.” ― Lysa TerKeurst, It's Not Supposed to Be This Way: Finding Unexpected Strength When Disappointments Leave You Shattered
  • “To trust God is to trust His timing. To trust God is to trust His way. God loves me too much to answer my prayers at any other time than the right time and in any other way than the right way.” ― Lysa TerKeurst, It's Not Supposed to Be This Way: Finding Unexpected Strength When Disappointments Leave You Shattered
  • “those who are the most eager to harshly criticize others are often the ones most desperate to keep hidden their own secret sins or unresolved pain.” ― Lysa TerKeurst, It's Not Supposed to Be This Way: Finding Unexpected Strength When Disappointments Leave You Shattered
  • “To trust God is to trust His timing. To trust God is to trust His way. God loves me too much to answer my prayers at any other time than the right time and in any other way than the right way. In the quietness of all that doesn’t feel right, this truth does.” ― Lysa TerKeurst, It's Not Supposed to Be This Way: Finding Unexpected Strength When Disappointments Leave You Shattered
  • It's Not Supposed to Be This Way Quotes
  • “I know I must walk through God’s process before I see His fulfilled promise.” ― Lysa TerKeurst, It's Not Supposed to Be This Way: Finding Unexpected Strength When Disappointments Leave You Shattered
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  • Specialization Definition General An occupational therapist is a person who has graduated from an entry-level occupational therapy program accredited by the Accreditation Council for Occupational Therapy Education (ACOTE) or predecessor organizations, or approved by the World Federation of Occupational Therapists (WFOT), or an equivalent international occupational therapy education program; has successfully completed a period of supervised fieldwork experience required by the occupational therapy program; has passed a nationally recognized entry-level examination for occupational therapists, and fulfills state requirements for licensure, certification, or registration. An occupational therapist provides interventions based on evaluation and which emphasize the therapeutic use of everyday life activities (i.e., occupations) with individuals or groups for the purpose of facilitating participation in roles and situations and in home, school, workplace, community and other settings. Occupational therapy services are provided for the purpose of promoting health and wellness and are provided to those who have or are at risk for developing an illness, injury, disease, disorder, condition, impairment, disability, activity limitation, or participation restriction. Occupational therapists address the physical, cognitive, psychosocial, sensory, and other aspects of occupational performance in a variety of contexts to support engagement in everyday life activities that affect health, well-being, and quality of life. Driving and Community Mobility Occupational therapists can optimize and prolong an older driver’s ability to drive safely and ease the transition to other forms of transportation if driving cessation becomes necessary. By identifying strengths as well as physical or cognitive challenges, occupational therapists can evaluate an individual’s overall ability to operate a vehicle safely and recommend assistive devices or behavioral changes to limit risks. Occupational therapy practitioners offer a continuum of services related to community mobility, from evaluation of driving performance, through counseling and support for lifestyle changes, to maintaining independence and quality of life. Environmental Modification Occupational therapy practitioners are experts at identifying the cause of difficulties in performance of activities of daily living and instrumental activities of daily living. Occupational therapy practitioners evaluate the client, their environment, and their occupational performance in that environment, as well as make recommendations for products to improve the fit between the client, place, and activity. Occupational therapists can evaluate both the skills of the client and the environmental features that support or limit the performance of meaningful or necessary activities, thereby enhancing health, safety and well-being. Based on this assessment, they recommend modification and intervention strategies that improve the fit between the person and his or her environment. Ergonomics Definition to come... Feeding, Eating & Swallowing Occupational therapists provide interventions to clients of all ages with feeding, eating and swallowing difficulties. Occupational therapists provide comprehensive rehabilitative, habilitative, and palliative dysphagia care, which includes collaborating with clients to provide individualized compensatory swallowing strategies, modified diet textures, adapted mealtime environments, enhanced feeding skills, preparatory exercises and positioning to clients, reinforcement of mealtime strategies to enhance and improve swallowing skills, and training to caregivers to enhance eating and feeding performance. Occupational therapists provide screening and in-depth clinical assessment which may include instrumental dysphagia assessments including videofluroscopy. Gerontology Occupational therapists work with older adults in virtually every setting: assisted living, wellness programs, hospitals, nursing homes, senior centers, clinics and in the home. Occupational therapists bring an understanding of the importance of participation and occupation for overall well-being to those who are experiencing disabling conditions related to aging. The primary overarching goal of occupational therapy services with this population is to maximize independence and participation, thereby enabling an older person to continue to live successfully in his or her chosen environment. Occupational therapists can help older adults by developing strategies to help or maintain safety and well-being, to assist with life transitions, and to compensate for challenges they experience in activities of daily living, instrumental activities of daily living, leisure participation, social participation, and productive activities. Hand Definition to come... Human Factors Definition to come... Low Vision Occupational therapists enable children and adults with visual impairment to engage in their chosen daily living activities safely and as independently as possible. This is accomplished by 1) teaching the person to use their remaining vision as efficiently as possible to complete activities; (2) modifying activities so that they can be completed with less vision; (3) training the person in use of adaptive equipment to compensate for vision loss, including high and low technology assistive devices; and (4) modifying the person’s environment. Mental Health Occupational therapists provide treatment for people recovering from a mental or physical illness to regain their independence and stability and to engage in normal daily occupations (work, home, family life, school, leisure). Occupational therapists provide particular emphasis on interventions that result in improved quality of life and decrease hospitalization. Neurorehabilitation Definition to come... Pediatrics Occupational therapists provide services to infants, toddlers and children who have or who are at risk for developmental delays or disabilities. Occupational therapy is concerned with a child's ability to participate in daily life activities or "occupations." Occupational therapists use their unique expertise to help children with social-emotional, physical, cognitive, communication, and adaptive behavioral challenges and to help children to be prepared for and perform important learning and school-related activities and to fulfill their rule as students. Through an understanding of the impact of disability, illness, and impairment on a child's development, plan, ability to learn new skills, and overall occupational performance, occupational therapists design interventions that promote healthy development, establish needed skills, and/or modify environments, all in support of participation in daily activities. Physical Rehabilitation Occupational therapists are experts at helping people lead as independent a life as possible. Occupational therapists bring an understanding of the physical and psychological implications of illness and injury and their effects on peoples' ability to perform the tasks of daily living. Occupational therapists provide interventions that can aide a person in completing ADL and IADL tasks, such as dressing, bathing, preparing meals, and driving. They also may fabricate custom orthotics to improve function, evaluate the environment for safety hazards and recommend adaptations to remove those hazards, help a person compensate for cognitive changes, and bui
  • g, bathing, preparing meals, and driving. They also may fabricate custom orthotics to improve function, evaluate the environment for safety hazards and recommend adaptations to remove those hazards, help a person compensate for cognitive changes, and build a persons’ physical endurance and strength. Occupational therapists' knowledge of adapting tasks and modifying the environment to compensate for functional limitations is used to increase the involvement of clients and to promote safety and success.
  • Specialization Definition General An occupational therapist is a person who has graduated from an entry-level occupational therapy program accredited by the Accreditation Council for Occupational Therapy Education (ACOTE) or predecessor organizations, or approved by the World Federation of Occupational Therapists (WFOT), or an equivalent international occupational therapy education program; has successfully completed a period of supervised fieldwork experience required by the occupational therapy program; has passed a nationally recognized entry-level examination for occupational therapists, and fulfills state requirements for licensure, certification, or registration. An occupational therapist provides interventions based on evaluation and which emphasize the therapeutic use of everyday life activities (i.e., occupations) with individuals or groups for the purpose of facilitating participation in roles and situations and in home, school, workplace, community and other settings. Occupational therapy services are provided for the purpose of promoting health and wellness and are provided to those who have or are at risk for developing an illness, injury, disease, disorder, condition, impairment, disability, activity limitation, or participation restriction. Occupational therapists address the physical, cognitive, psychosocial, sensory, and other aspects of occupational performance in a variety of contexts to support engagement in everyday life activities that affect health, well-being, and quality of life. Driving and Community Mobility Occupational therapists can optimize and prolong an older driver’s ability to drive safely and ease the transition to other forms of transportation if driving cessation becomes necessary. By identifying strengths as well as physical or cognitive challenges, occupational therapists can evaluate an individual’s overall ability to operate a vehicle safely and recommend assistive devices or behavioral changes to limit risks. Occupational therapy practitioners offer a continuum of services related to community mobility, from evaluation of driving performance, through counseling and support for lifestyle changes, to maintaining independence and quality of life. Environmental Modification Occupational therapy practitioners are experts at identifying the cause of difficulties in performance of activities of daily living and instrumental activities of daily living. Occupational therapy practitioners evaluate the client, their environment, and their occupational performance in that environment, as well as make recommendations for products to improve the fit between the client, place, and activity. Occupational therapists can evaluate both the skills of the client and the environmental features that support or limit the performance of meaningful or necessary activities, thereby enhancing health, safety and well-being. Based on this assessment, they recommend modification and intervention strategies that improve the fit between the person and his or her environment.
  • Specialization Definition General An occupational therapist is a person who has graduated from an entry-level occupational therapy program accredited by the Accreditation Council for Occupational Therapy Education (ACOTE) or predecessor organizations, or approved by the World Federation of Occupational Therapists (WFOT), or an equivalent international occupational therapy education program; has successfully completed a period of supervised fieldwork experience required by the occupational therapy program; has passed a nationally recognized entry-level examination for occupational therapists, and fulfills state requirements for licensure, certification, or registration. An occupational therapist provides interventions based on evaluation and which emphasize the therapeutic use of everyday life activities (i.e., occupations) with individuals or groups for the purpose of facilitating participation in roles and situations and in home, school, workplace, community and other settings. Occupational therapy services are provided for the purpose of promoting health and wellness and are provided to those who have or are at risk for developing an illness, injury, disease, disorder, condition, impairment, disability, activity limitation, or participation restriction. Occupational therapists address the physical, cognitive, psychosocial, sensory, and other aspects of occupational performance in a variety of contexts to support engagement in everyday life activities that affect health, well-being, and quality of life. Driving and Community Mobility Occupational therapists can optimize and prolong an older driver’s ability to drive safely and ease the transition to other forms of transportation if driving cessation becomes necessary. By identifying strengths as well as physical or cognitive challenges, occupational therapists can evaluate an individual’s overall ability to operate a vehicle safely and recommend assistive devices or behavioral changes to limit risks. Occupational therapy practitioners offer a continuum of services related to community mobility, from evaluation of driving performance, through counseling and support for lifestyle changes, to maintaining independence and quality of life.
  • Specialization Definition General
  • An occupational therapist is a person who has graduated from an entry-level occupational therapy program accredited by the Accreditation Council for Occupational Therapy Education (ACOTE) or predecessor organizations, or approved by the World Federation of Occupational Therapists (WFOT), or an equivalent international occupational therapy education program; has successfully completed a period of supervised fieldwork experience required by the occupational therapy program; has passed a nationally recognized entry-level examination for occupational therapists, and fulfills state requirements for licensure, certification, or registration. An occupational therapist provides interventions based on evaluation and which emphasize the therapeutic use of everyday life activities (i.e., occupations) with individuals or groups for the purpose of facilitating participation in roles and situations and in home, school, workplace, community and other settings. Occupational therapy services are provided for the purpose of promoting health and wellness and are provided to those who have or are at risk for developing an illness, injury, disease, disorder, condition, impairment, disability, activity limitation, or participation restriction. Occupational therapists address the physical, cognitive, psychosocial, sensory, and other aspects of occupational performance in a variety of contexts to support engagement in everyday life activities that affect health, well-being, and quality of life.
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